Photo of Brian outdoors

Brian W. Ohm

Professor
Urban and Regional Planning
Degrees/Academics
Bachelor of Arts with majors in History and Political Science, St. Olaf College; Master of Arts History, University of Wisconsin–Madison; law degree from University of Wisconsin Law School
Campus Affiliations
UW-Extension Specialist
Research Interests
coastal planning
affordable housing
community development
comprehensive planning
downtown revitalization
environmental planning
farmland protection
governance
historical preservation
housing
intergovernmental relations
land use
law
livability
local government
natural resource management
new urbanism
nonprofits
smart growth
sprawl
sustainable development
transportation
urban planning
water resources
Office
206 Music Hall
Office Hours
1-2pm, Mondays and Wednesdays

"My research, teaching, and outreach efforts relate to the institutional and legal framework for managing community growth and change. I am particularly interested in the need to revise and update state enabling laws that govern local planning, the impact of local laws on community livability, and the "takings" issue. I lend my expertise to a variety of governmental and private organizations." 

Professor Ohm’s teaching, research, and outreach focus on the legal and institutional framework for planning. A news article about Professor Ohm’s work is available here. Professor Ohm joined the faculty in 1994. He holds a joint appointment with the University of Wisconsin Extension where he is the state specialist in land use law, environmental regulation, and growth management. He also has affiliate appointments with UW’s Nelson Institute of Environmental Studies. Professor Ohm served as Chair of the Department of Urban & Regional Planning from 2008–2012.

Prior to joining the faculty at UW, Professor Ohm worked as an attorney for the Metropolitan Council, the regional governing body for the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area. While at the Council he was involved in numerous regional planning initiatives involving land use, affordable housing, natural resources, transportation, governance, and local public service delivery. Prior to that he worked as an attorney in private practice for the Minneapolis law firm then known as Popham, Haik, Schnobrich & Kaufman, Ltd., where he specialized in litigation involving land use, eminent domain, and complex securities fraud.

Professor Ohm holds a law degree from the University of Wisconsin Law School, a Master of Arts Degree in History from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, and a Bachelor of Arts Degree from St. Olaf College with majors in History and Political Science.

Since joining the faculty at UW, he has been actively involved in a variety of planning related projects at all levels of governance -- campus, neighborhood, city, county, and state -- and with non-governmental organizations.

From 2004 until 2015 he served as Vice President for Chapter Affairs for the Wisconsin Chapter of the American Planning Association.

From 2013–2015 he served on the steering committing overseeing the preparation of the neighborhood plan for the University Hill Farms neighborhood. Prior to that, he served on the City of Madison Plan Commission, for 4 1/2 years where he was involved with the development of the City of Madison’s first comprehensive plan under Wisconsin’s 1999 comprehensive planning law and other initiatives. He was appointed by the Town Board for the Town of Dunn to serve on the first Land Trust Commission overseeing the initial implementation of the Town’s purchase of agricultural conservation easements program.

He also served on the steering committee overseeing the development of Dane County’s first comprehensive plan under Wisconsin’s 1999 comprehensive planning law. He was also appointed by the Dane County Board of Supervisors to Chair the North Mendota Parkway Advisory Committee to study transportation options related to a controversial proposed “North Beltline” around the northern part of the Madison area and was subsequently appointed chair of the North Mendota Parkway Implementation Oversight Committee to oversee the carrying out of the study’s recommendations. 

At UW, Professor Ohm has served as Chair of the Campus Transportation Committee and on the Campus Planning Committee. He served on the Campus Planning Committee during the development of the Campus Master Plan. In December 2013 he was appointed by the UW Board of Regents to serve on the Design Review Board for the University Research Park and is a current member of the Board.

At the state level, in 1996, he was appointed by the Wisconsin Legislative Council to serve on the Special Committee on Federally Tax Exempt Lands. In 2000 he was appointed by Governor Tommy Thompson to serve on the South Central Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission Study Committee. From 2000 to 2006 he served as Chair of the State-Local Government Private Sector Working Group established by the Wisconsin Land Council within the State of Wisconsin Department of Administration. In 2004, he was appointed by Governor Jim Doyle to serve as the University of Wisconsin System representative to the Wisconsin Land Council. In 2008 he was appointed by the Wisconsin Legislative Council to serve on the Special Committee on Regional Transportation Authorities. In 2009 he was appointed by the Secretary of the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection to serve on the State Purchase of Agricultural Conservation Easements Council. 

Professor Ohm is also active with NGOs having been a founding member of the Board of Directors of 1000 Friends of Wisconsin and the Wisconsin Environmental Initiative.

Ohm, Brian W.  2015.  Some Modern Day Musings on the Police Power.  Urban Lawyer, [Forthcoming.] 

Sorensen, M. and B. Ohm. 2015. How to Define a Family? The Special Case of Regulating Student Rental Housing in Single-Family Residential Neighborhoods in Wisconsin’s College and University Communities,URPL Extension Working Paper 2015-4. 30 pp.

Ohm, Brian W. 2014. Planning and zoning consistencyPlanning. vol. 80, no. 9, pp. 45-46.

Ohm, Brian W. 2014. The current status of extraterritorial plat approval authority in Wisconsin. The Municipality, vol. 109, no. 11, pp. 358-367.

Ohm, Brian W. 2014.  “By the Numbers: Trends in Planning-Related Court Decisions in Wisconsin, 2008-2013,” Extension Report 2014-03, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension. 13 pages.

Ohm, Brian W. 2014.  “The Year in Review: A Summary of Wisconsin Planning Cases From June 1, 3013 to July 1, 2014 and Recent Legislation,” Extension Report 2014-02, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension. 30 pages.

Ohm, Brian W.  2013.  Wisconsin Land Use and Planning Law.  Madison: University of Wisconsin Law School.  283 pages.

Ohm, Brian W.  2013.  “Unifying Wisconsin’s Zoning Enabling Laws: A Simple Approach.”  Working Paper Series, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.  85 pages.

Ohm, Brian W. 2013. “Legal Nonconforming Uses, Structures, and Lots . . . After 2011 Wisconsin Act 170,” Extension Report 2013-02, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension. 41 pages.

Ohm, Brian W.  2012.  Land use.  Chapter 10 in Handbook for Wisconsin Municipal Officials.  Madison: League of Wisconsin Municipalities.

Ohm, Brian W.  2011.  There Goes the Neighborhood: Conflicts Associated with the Location and Operation of Airports.  Chapter 18 in Elizabeth Hoppe, ed. Ethical Issues in Aviation.  Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Ohm, Brian W.  2011.  The Smart Growth Movement, Planning, and Information Technology. Chapter 9 in Niemann, Benjamin, Dave Moyer, Steven Ventura, Richard Chenoweth, and Doug Miskowiak. Citizen Planners Shaping Communities with Spatial Tools.  Redlands, CA: ESRI Press.

Hibbard, Calder, Leslie McInenly, Lee Nellis, Kayla Block-Torgerson, Jane Prohaska, Michael, Kilgore, Brian Ohm, Jean Coleman, Steve Taff and Stephanie Snyder.  2011.  Maintaining the Forestland Base in Minnesota: Forestland Parcelization and Policy Tools.  Minnesota Forest Resources Council.  185 pages. 

Rosen, Lara, and Brian Ohm.  2010.  Protecting Our Turf: Should Planners in Wisconsin Be Licensed?  Wisconsin Chapter of the American Planning Association Newsletter (Spring).

Ohm, Brian W., Thomas Gaumert, Michael S. Adams.  2010.  “The Institutional Structure for River Management in Germany: A Case Study of the Elbe River.”  Chapter in  Transatlantic Institutional Environmental Policy in Relation to Environmental Education.  University of Wisconsin–Madison.

Ohm, Brian W.  2010.  “An Institutional Framework for Interdisciplinary Investigations of Environmental Issues in Post-secondary Education: The Wisconsin River Context,” Chapter in  Transatlantic Institutional Environmental Policy in Relation to Environmental Education.  University of Wisconsin–Madison.

M. Adams, B. Hale, T. Gaumert, M. Bergman, B. Ohm, and C. D'Elia.  2010.  “Environmental History of the German Elbe River: Interactions Among the Ecological, Economic, and Political Environments.”  Chapter in  Transatlantic Institutional Environmental Policy in Relation to Environmental Education.  University of Wisconsin–Madison.

Gaumert, Thomas, Brian W. Ohm, Michael S. Adams.  2010. “History of the Formation of the ARGE ELBE, the IKSE, and the FGG Elbe.”  Chapter in Transatlantic Institutional Environmental Policy in Relation to Environmental Education.  University of Wisconsin–Madison.

Ohm, Brian W.  2010.  2010 Updates to Wisconsin’s Comprehensive Planning Law.  Perspectives On Planning.  (May) 1-4, Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.

Ohm, Brian W.  2008.  Protecting Coastal Investments: Examples of Regulations for Wisconsin’s Coastal Communities.  University of Wisconsin Sea Grant and University of Wisconsin Extension.  67 pages.

Ohm, Brian W.  2008.  Zoning Districts Must Include Permitted Uses.  Zoning Practice, vol. 25, no. 10, p. 7.

Brewster, Chris, Matt Lawlor, Brian Ohm and Mark White.  2008 Tweaking the System: Getting Projects Built and Codes Changed Within the Existing Zoning Framework.  Chapter 3 in Doris Goldstein and Dan Slone, eds., A Legal Guide to Urban and Sustainable Development.  New York: John Wiley & Sons. 

Ohm, Brian W. and Mark White.  2008.  Changing the Rules: New Approaches to Zoning.  Chapter 4 in Doris Goldstein and Dan Slone, eds., A Legal Guide to Urban and Sustainable Development.  New York: John Wiley & Sons. 

Ohm, Brian W.  2007.  Amicus Curiae Brief for the Wisconsin Chapter of the American Planning Association and the American Planning Association to the Wisconsin Supreme Court in Wisconsin Realtors Association v. Town of West Point. 13 pages.

Sitkowski, Robert J. and Brian W. Ohm.  2006.  Form-based Land Development Regulations.  Urban Lawyer, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 163-172.  (Reprinted in 2007 Zoning and Planning Law Handbook, Patricia E. Salkin, editor, Thompson/West.)

Ohm, Brian W.  2006.  What Do Planners Do?  Wisconsin Chapter of the American Planning Association News.  Vol. 2006, No. 1, p. 4+.

Ohm, Brian W.  2005.  Universities as Participants in Land Use Enabling Law Reform.  Chapter 13 in Knaap, Gerrit and Wim Wiewel, eds., Universities and Smart Growth.  Armonk, N.Y., M.E. Sharpe, Inc. 

Ohm, Brian W.  2005.  Let the Courts Guide You: Planning and Zoning Consistency.  Zoning Practice, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2-7.

Ohm, Brian W. and Robert J. Sitkowski.  2004.  Integrating New Urbanism and Affordable Housing Tools.  Urban Lawyer, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 857-866. 

Ohm, Brian W. and Robert J. Sitkowski.  2003.  The Influence of New Urbanism on Local Ordinances: The Twilight of Zoning?  Urban Lawyer, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 783-794.  (Cited by the Connecticut Supreme Court in Andros v. Town of West Hartford, 285 Conn. 309, 939 A.2d 1146  (2008); cited by the Court of Chancery of Delaware, Sussex, in Barry v. Town of Dewey Beach, 2006 Del. Ch. LEXIS 115.)

Ohm, Brian W.  2003.  Consistency and the Comprehensive Plan.  The Municipality, vol. 98, no. 7, pp. 230 - 238.

Ohm, Brian W., John Merrill, Joni Herren, and Erich Schmidtke.  2003.  Housing Wisconsin: A Guide to Preparing the Housing Eelement of a Local Comprehensive Plan[Second Edition].  University of Wisconsin Extension. 

Ohm, Brian W.  2003.  The Patch-work Quilt of Town Zoning in Wisconsin.  Perspectives On Planning.  5(1): 1-2, Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.

Sitkowski, Robert J., and Brian W. Ohm.  2002.  Enabling the New Urbanism.  Urban Lawyer, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 935-943.

Ohm, Brian W.  2002.  Land Use & Water Planning--Understanding Public, Private Property Rights.  Focus on the Waters, vol. 13, no.3, pp.12-16.

Ohm, Brian W.  2002.  Planning for Natural Resources: A Guide to Including Natural Resources in Local Comprehensive Planning.  University of Wisconsin Extension and Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.  85 pages.

Sitkowski, Robert J., Anna M. Breinich, and Brian W. Ohm.  2001.  Enabling Legislation for Traditional Neighborhood Development Regulations.  Land Use Law and Zoning Digest, vol. 53, no. 10, pp. 3-10.  (Cited by the Connecticut Supreme Court in Andros v. Town of West Hartford, 285 Conn. 309, 939 A.2d 1146  (2008).)

Ohm, Brian W.  2001.  Adopting a Comprehensive Plan by Ordinance.  The Municipality, vol. 96, no. 4, pp. 120-121.  

Ohm, Brian W.  2001.  Required Elements of a Local Comprehensive Plan.   University of Wisconsin Extension, Cooperative Extension Publications # G3749.  4 pages.

Ohm, Brian W.  2001.  Key Points about Wisconsin's New Comprehensive Planning and "Smart Growth" Law.  University of Wisconsin Extension, Cooperative Extension Publications # G3750.  2 pages.

Ohm, Brian W.  2001.  Adopting a Comprehensive Plan by Ordinance.  Perspectives On Planning.  3(5): 1-2, Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.

Ohm, Brian W., Matt Cobb, et. al. 2000.  Conservation Easement Legislation in the 7th and 8th Federal Judicial Districts.  Chapter 19 in Squires, Rod and Julie Gustanski, eds., Conservation Easements; Past, Present and Future.  Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Ohm, Brian W.  2000.  Book review.  City Making by Gerald E. Frug and Governance and Opportunity in America by Alan Altshuler, et. al., editors.  Journal of Planning Education and Research, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 260-263.

Ohm, Brian W. 2000.  Wisconsin: An Emerging National Leader in “Smart Growth.”  On Common Ground, National Association of Realtors, vol. 1, no. 1, pp.6-9.

Ohm, Brian W. 2000.  Elevating the Importance of Transportation Planning.  Common Ground, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 37-38.

Ohm, Brian W.  2000.  Reforming Land Planning Legislation at the Dawn of the 21st Century: the Emerging Influence of Smart Growth and Livable Communities. Urban Lawyer, vol. 32., no. 2, pp. 181-210.

Ohm, Brian W.  2000.  The Purchase of Scenic Easements and Wisconsin’s Great River Road: A Progress Report on Perpetuity.  Journal of the American Planning Association, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 177-188.  (Reprinted in Regional Government Innovations: A Handbook for Citizens and Public Officials, Roger L. Kemp, editor, Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., Inc.)

Ohm, Brian W.  1999. Guide to Community Planning in WisconsinMadison: University of Wisconsin Board of Regents.

Ohm, Brian W.  1999.  Today’s Decisions; Tomorrow’s Wisconsin.  Madison: University of Wisconsin Publications.  16 pages.

Edwards, Mary, and Brian Ohm.  1998.  Annexation: Fiscal Implications for Cities, Villages and Towns.  Common Ground, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 29-30, 35.

Ohm, Brian W.  1998.  Moratoria for Planning Purposes--More Questions Than Answers.  The Municipality, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 43, 45.

Ohm, Brian W. & Erich Schmidtke.  1998.  An Inventory of Land Use Plans in Wisconsin.  Extension Report 98-4, Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.  55 pages.

Ohm, Brian W.  1997.  Towards a Theory of Wisconsin Regulatory Takings Jurisprudence.   Wisconsin Environmental Law Journal, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 173-213.  (Reprinted in National Business Institute.  1997.  Land Use Planning and Eminent Domain in Wisconsin.  Eau Claire, WI: National Business Institute.)  (Quoted by the Wisconsin Supreme Court in Eberle v. Dane County Board of Adjustment, 595 N.W.2d 730 (1999).).

Ohm, Brian W.  1997.  The Need to Update Wisconsin’s Planning Enabling Legislation.  Extension Report 97-4, Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.  38 pages.

Ohm, Brian W.  1997.  Court Limits City’s Extraterritorial Plat Review Authority.  Perspectives On Planning. 3(3): 1-2, Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.

Ohm, Brian W.  1997.  The Wisconsin Supreme Court Strengthens Role of Master Plans.  Perspectives On Planning. 3(2): 1-2, Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.

Ohm, Brian W.  1997.  Wireless Facilities Siting.  The Municipality, vol. 92, no. 4, pp. 173-174.   (Reprinted in Current Municipal Problems, vol. 24, no 1, pp. 43-47.).

Ohm, Brian W.  1996.  The Wisconsin Supreme Court Responds to Lucas.  48 Land Use Law & Zoning Digest, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 3-7.  (Reprinted in Great Lakes Wetlands, vol 8, no. 1, pp. 8-12 (1997).)

Ohm, Brian W.  1996.  What is a Comprehensive Plan?  Perspectives On Planning.  2(8):1-2.  Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.

Ohm, Brian W.  1996.  Understanding Tax Base Sharing.  Perspectives On Planning.  2(7):1-2.  Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.

Ohm, Brian W.  1996.  The Final Report of the State Interagency Land Use Council: Updating Wisconsin’s Land Use System.  Perspectives On Planning.  2(6):1-2.  Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.

Ohm, Brian W.  1996.  The Wisconsin Supreme Court Bolsters Prior “Takings” Decisions.  Perspectives on Planning.  2(5):1-2.  Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension (reprinted in Wisconsin Preservation, 20:5 (Sept./Oct. 1996)).

Ohm, Brian W.  1996.  What is Meant by “State Goals” for Planning.  Perspectives on Planning.  2(4):1-2.  Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.

Ohm, Brian W.  1996.  Vested Rights.  Perspectives on Planning.  2(1):1-2.  Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.

Ohm, Brian W.  1995.  Reviving Comprehensive Planning in the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area: The 1995 Amendments to the Metropolitan Land Planning Act. Minnesota Real Estate Law Journal, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 81-86.

Jacobs, Harvey M. and Brian W. Ohm.  1995.  Statutory Takings Legislation: the National Context, the Wisconsin and Minnesota Proposals.  Wisconsin Environmental Law Journal, vol 2, no. 2, pp.173-223.

Ohm, Brian W.  1995.  Amicus Curiae Brief for The Association of State Wetland Managers, Inc., to the Wisconsin Supreme Court in Zealy v. City of Waukesha.   

Ohm, Brian W.  1995.  A Context for Reforming Wisconsin Land Use Law.  Perspectives on Planning.   1(3):1-2.  Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension. 

Ohm, Brian W.  1994.  Wisconsin’s New Impact Fee Law.  Perspectives on Planning.  1(1):1-2.  Department of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin–Madison/Extension.

Ohm, Brian W.  1993.  Growth Management in Minnesota: the Metropolitan Land Planning Act.  Hamline Law Review, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 359-387.

Ohm, Brian W.  1992.  Amicus Curiae Brief for The Metropolitan Council to the Minnesota Court of Appeals in Woodbury Place Partners v. City of Woodbury.

Ohm, Brian W.  1986.  Wisconsin's Environmental Decade, Inc. v. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources: The Limited Scope of Secondary Impacts in Threshold Determinations Under the Wisconsin Environmental Policy Act.  Wisconsin Law Review, vol. 1986, no. 3, pp. 585-61.

Professor Ohm’s principal projects relate to his research, teaching, and outreach interests on the legal and institutional framework for planning.  As the UW-Extension specialist on planning law, his projects focus primarily on Wisconsin.

Since 2007, Professor Ohm has been engaged in a longitudinal study examining Wisconsin appellate court cases related to planning.  In conjunction with this study, he has been providing monthly case law updates for the Wisconsin Chapter of the American Planning Association since 2007.  The monthly updates are available on the “Law and Legislation” page of the Chapter’s website.

In addition, many of Professor Ohm’s projects address the need to revise and update state enabling laws that govern local planning. This work resulted in Wisconsin’s 1999 comprehensive planning law (sometimes referred to as the “smart growth” law).  For additional information about the law visit the “Comprehensive Planning”  pages of the Wisconsin Department of Administration website.  Since 1999, Professor Ohm has been involved with several amendments to the 1999 law and has worked with hundreds of communities and individuals to help them fully understand the law. He is currently working with Extension colleges to evaluate the status of comprehensive planning in Wisconsin.  

Professor Ohm work in Wisconsin has also extended to planning enabling law reform elsewhere.  He was the principal investigator for a major project funded by the Minnesota Forest Resources Council looking at reforming Minnesota’s planning enabling laws in an effort to address forest fragmentation and has worked with scholars in China related to reforming the eviction and demolition processes. 

One section of Wisconsin’s Comprehensive Planning law required that the University of Wisconsin Extension develop a model ordinance for a traditional neighborhood development and an ordinance for a conservation subdivision. Professor Ohm was asked to take responsibility for these ordinances. These ordinances were approved by the Wisconsin Legislature in July 2001.

A Model Ordinance for a Traditional Neighborhood Development 

An Ordinance for a Conservation Subdivision

In addition to these projects, Professor Ohm was the principle investigator of a grant from the National Sea Grant Law Center to evaluate local strategies to manage Great Lakes coastal hazards and to develop model ordinances for local Great Lakes communities. The ordinances incorporate recent innovations in methodologies for understanding bluff stability and computer visualization of Great Lakes coastal hazards. URPL Affiliate Faculty David Hart was the co-principal investigator on the project. He is currently working on another project with David to evaluate the current status of plans and programs related to coastal hazards around the Great Lakes.

He also was the co-principal investigator (along with Mike Adams, Emeritus Professor in Botany) of two grants from the United States Department of Education focusing on trans-Atlantic comparisons.  The first focused on urban ecology education and the management of cultural landscapes in Germany, the Netherlands, and Spain.  The second focused on comparing education about U.S. and German, Dutch, and Spanish institutions involved in environmental policy and culminated in an international conference in Madison in September 2008.

Finally he was also principal investigator of a project exploring coastal management issues in Estonia funded by the National Research Council of the National Academies INTREU grants program.

URPL 833: PLANNING AND THE LEGAL SYSTEM Syllabus for Spring 2015

This course attempts to "demystify" the legal system for planning students by providing an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the operation and functioning of the legal system and its impact on planning in the United States.  It is a required course for all Masters students.

URPL 731: INTRODUCTION TO REGIONAL PLANNING Syllabus for Fall 2015

This course provides an examination of the policy and institutional framework (both historical and contemporary) for regional planning in the United States.

Outreach Courses

As the State specialist in planning law for the University of Wisconsin Extension, Professor Ohm’s outreach courses include the annual “Local Land Use Planning and Zoning” WisLine Series taught through Extension’s Local Government Center; teaching continuing maintenance [law] credit courses sponsored by the Wisconsin Chapter of the American Planning Association for certified planners; teaching at various continuing legal education courses for the State Bar of Wisconsin, the University of Wisconsin Law School, and the National Business Institutes; and teaching at a variety of other workshops, conferences, and seminars.